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European earwig

Forficula auricularia
Dermaptera: Forficulidae

The European earwig is dark brown with an elongated body, equipped with pincer-like forceps (A) at the rear of the abdomen. The short elytra do not entirely cover the abdomen.


Numerous species are widespread throughout the eastern fruit-producing states and provinces.


Occurs in apple and pear, and occasionally other tree fruits. Occasionally feeds on leaves or damaged fruit, but is also a predator of aphids and caterpillars.


This insect causes negligible problems and tolerance is probably more economical and better advised than intervention.

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The MSU IPM Program maintains this site as an access point to pest management information at MSU. The IPM Program is administered within the Department of Entomology, fueled by research from the AgBioResearch, delivered to citizens through MSU Extension, and proud to be a part of Project GREEEN.