Pest and Beneficials Search (search again)

Cherry fruit flies

Rhagoletis fausta (Osten Sacken)
Rhagoletis cingulate (Loew)

Diptera: Tephritidae

Black cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis fausta (Osten Sacken)
Cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cingulate (Loew)

The adult cherry fruit fly is somewhat smaller than the house fly, with a yellowish brown head and legs, and white crossbands on the abdomen (A). The black cherry fruit fly is slightly larger and its abdomen is entirely black (B). The wings of both species are clear with characteristic markings; the bands on the black cherry fruit fly wings are darker and wider, with a characteristic "doughnut-hole" marking. Larvae of both species are cream-colored maggots with no legs or visible head; the posterior end is blunt, and the front end tapers to a point with 2 dark mouth hooks (C).

Distribution

One or both species occur in most fruit-growing states and provinces in eastern North America, but R. fausta reaches only as far south as PA.

Damage

Both species attack cherry, piercing the fruit with the ovipositor to insert eggs singly just below the skin. A scar results, which may cause a dimple if the fruit is green (A). Larval feeding in the fruit separates the pit from the pulp and cause it to turn brown; sometimes the skin shrivels over the injured area. Infested fruit will not drop prematurely; brown rot (Monilinia sp.) can start in wormy fruit (D) and spread to other cherries.

Similar Species

Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) is closely related and similar in appearance, but does not infest cherries, and may be distinguished by its wing banding pattern.

Management

Remove unsprayed, abandoned cherry and wild Prunus trees in the area. Use yellow board traps to determine the first adult emergence. Apply insecticide sprays to prevent infestation starting 7 days after the first trap catch.

Pest and Beneficials Search (search again)

The MSU IPM Program maintains this site as an access point to pest management information at MSU. The IPM Program is administered within the Department of Entomology, fueled by research from the AgBioResearch, delivered to citizens through MSU Extension, and proud to be a part of Project GREEEN.