Sclerotium or southern blight

Root and stem rots


Sclerotium rolfsii.

Sclerotium hosta plant
Collapse of lower leaves.

Hosts include

Ajuga, Anemone, Aquilegia, Campanula, Coreopsis, Delphinium, Dianthus, Digitalis, Helianthus, Hosta, Lathyrus, Liatris, Lilium, Limonium, Lupinus, Monarda, Penstemon, Phlox, Rudbeckia, Salvia, Scabiosa, Sedum and Veronica.

Sclerotium yellowed hosta foliage
Typical chlorosis caused by Sclero-tium rolfsii infection on Hosta. Chlorosis develops as the petioles are degraded by the fungal pathogen.


Wilting, water-soaked lesions on succulent stems and petioles, crown rot, plant collapse and death. Fluffy fungal mats may be present on the soil surface or on affected plant tissues. Light brown sclerotia, about the size of mustard seeds, may also be present in clumps on the affected plant tissue.

rotted stem
Hyphae and sclerotia are visible on this rotted hosta petiole.


This is a soil-borne pathogen. Moving soil or diseased plant material spreads the disease. The pathogen can persist for an extended time in soil as sclerotia. During hot, humid conditions, sclerotia germinate, producing fungal mats that can infect susceptible hosts. Sclerotium rolfsii rarely produces spores, so dispersal by air movement is not significant.

Sclerotium on rooted plant
Sclerotia look like mustard seeds on the soil surface surrounding the crown of a rotted plant.


Good sanitation and pathogen exclusion are important steps in limiting disease. Carefully inspect incoming plant material for signs of disease. Remove and destroy affected plants, and avoid spreading soil from infected areas. Mulch used around field-grown plants or plants in the landscape may favor growth of S. rolfsii. Limit use of mulch in sites with a history of S. rolfsii. Fungicide applications (drenches or incorporated granular materials) can be used preventively to control crown rot.

Resource for additional information

Crown Rot, A Serious Disease of Hosta and Other Ornamentals, an Iowa State University Extension publication, February 2000.

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