Aphids

Insects and mites

Numerous aphids feed on trees and shrubs in the landscape. They may occur throughout the season when plants are actively growing. Some are vectors for viral diseases of plants.

Aphid species range in size from about 1.5 mm to 4 to 5 mm (giant willow aphid).

Symptoms

Aphids suck plant sap from leaves and stems causing distorted growth, yellowing of foliage and premature leaf drop. Aphids also excrete honeydew, a sticky substance that sooty mold fungi can grow on.

Aphids
Aphids are soft-bodied, pear-shaped, and can be distinguished from other insects by their tailpipe-like cornicles used to secrete pheromones. Cornicle length and shape are used as identifying characteristics of aphids.

Aphid injury Aphids
Distorted growth on hawthorn caused by aphids (left). Giant willow aphid (right).

Management

Aphids have many natural enemies, including syrphid fly larvae, lacewings, lady beetles and parasitic wasps. Soaps, oils and other insecticides are also effective.

Wooly aphid
Wooly alder aphids, Paraprociphilus tesselatus are shown here on silver maple. The white covering is made up of strands of wax.

Aphid witch broom
Witches’ brooms on Tataruian honeysuckle caused by the honeysuckle aphid, Hydaphis tataricae.

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The MSU IPM Program maintains this site as an access point to pest management information at MSU. The IPM Program is administered within the Department of Entomology, fueled by research from the AgBioResearch, delivered to citizens through MSU Extension, and proud to be a part of Project GREEEN.