Buckhorn plantain

Plantago lanceolata L.

Life cycle

Rosette-forming simple perennial.

Plantain buckhorn seedling
Buckhorn plantain seedling.


All leaves originate from a basal rosette. Cotyledons are very narrow and grass-like. Leaves are narrow linear and elongated with parallel veins and generally smooth leaf margins. Long hairs may be present at the leaf base.

Plantain buckhorn rosette
Buckhorn plantain rosette.


No visible aboveground stem. Semi-woody taproot present.

Flowers and fruit

Long, leafless stalks bear dense, cylinder-shaped flowering spikes and fruit. Single flowers are inconspicuous. Fruiting capsules yield two narrowly oval, brown to black, shiny seeds indented on one side.

Plantain buckhorn flower
Buckhorn plantain flowering spike.


Seeds and basal shoots.

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